Phantasmagoria and the Spectacle

Phantasmagoria and the Spectacle

In the nineteenth-century, the word phantasmagoria referred to a type of popular entertainment that made use of literal smoke and mirrors to produce an optical illusion. The viewers of these productions knew that what they were seeing was not real, but the...
Rear Window and the Panopticon

Rear Window and the Panopticon

Alfred Hitchcock’s film Rear Window situates the protagonist, a photographer, as a panoptic “eye” that watches all the goings-on of his neighbors. Jeff is confined to a wheelchair and unable to leave his apartment so he begins to obsessively watch his neighbors...